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Navigating the Path to Citizenship

The Path to Citizenship

Here’s what the naturalization process typically looks like:

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Step 1

Find out if you are eligible

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Step 2

Fill out your application

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Step 3

Submit your application and payment online or by mail

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Step 4

Complete your interview and test

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Step 5

Take the oath!

Would you like to find assistance with any of these steps?


To apply for citizenship, you must meet the following requirements:

  • You must be at least 18 years old.
  • You must have continuous residence in the U.S. for at least five years (or three years, if married to a United States citizen) and be physically present in the U.S. for at least half that time.
  • You must be a person of “good moral character.”
  • You must be able to read, write and speak basic English, and have knowledge and understanding of the fundamentals of U.S. history and government.
  • You must have been a resident of the state where you plan to apply for citizenship for at least three months.
  • You must take a loyalty oath to the United States and support the Constitution and form of government of the United States.

There are additional requirements and some exceptions that may apply to you. For more information about the eligibility requirements, please visit Citizenship Requirements.

Benefits of Citizenship

Naturalization has profound benefits for new Americans as well as their families, communities, and the economy

You can vote in elections and run for office, travel freely, and bring your family. Citizenship opens the door to more economic opportunities and protects you from deportation. If you have a green card, consider taking the next step in your journey to becoming a U.S. citizen.

Hear From New Americans!

Our citizenship ambassadors share why they decided to pursue naturalization.

Citizenship Ambassador

Fikile Ryder

Citizenship Ambassador

Zulema Chavero

Naturalization and Citizenship Resources

If you would like to learn more about becoming a citizen, check out these trusted resources.

Find in-person help by connecting with one of the New Americans Campaign partners around the country.

English/Spanish (NALEO Educational Fund): 888-839-8682

Chinese (Asian Americans Advancing Justice Southern California): 800-520-2356

Korean (Asian Americans Advancing Justice Southern California): 800-867-3640

Tagalog (Asian Americans Advancing Justice Southern California): 855-300-2552

Thai (Asian Americans Advancing Justice Southern California): 800-914-9583

Find out if you are eligible with Citizenshipworks, a free, safe, and simple online tool that guides you through the application

Review resources from the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to learn more about becoming a citizen and access study and application materials.